The Mobile Vegan
FINANCIAL TOOLS AND FUNCTIONS
GETTING STARTED
 Open the file NP_EX16_9a_FirstLastName_1.xlsx, available for download from the SAM website.
 Save the file as NP_EX16_9a_FirstLastName_2.xlsx by changing the “1” to a “2”.
 If you do not see the .xlsx file extension in the Save As dialog box, do not type it. The program will add the file extension for you automatically.
 With the file NP_EX16_9a_FirstLastName_2.xlsx still open, ensure that your first and last name is displayed in cell B6 of the Documentation sheet.
 If cell B6 does not display your name, delete the file and download a new copy from the SAM website.
PROJECT STEPS
 You are a parttime manager for The Mobile Vegan, a food truck catering to vegan diners in Portland, Oregon. Jessica Rosen, the owner of the business, wants to expand by adding other food trucks in Portland and the surrounding area. Whether she purchases new trucks or takes over an existing food truck business with an established clientele, she needs a loan to cover the cost of the trucks. She has asked for your help updating the workbook she created to analyze the loan information and forecast sales.
Switch to the Loan Scenarios worksheet, and then calculate the monthly payment for the Add 1 Truck scenario as follows:

 In cell D11, enter a formula using the PMT function to calculate the monthly payment for a loan.
 Use the inputs listed under the Add 1 Truck loan scenario in cells D5, D7, and D9. (Hint: The result will be displayed as a negative number to reflect the negative cash flow of a loan payment.)
 Calculate the monthly interest rate for the Add 2 Trucks scenario as follows:
 In cell E7, enter a formula using the RATE function to calculate the monthly interest rate for a loan.
 Use the inputs listed under the Add 2 Trucks loan scenario in cells E9, E11, and E5. (Hint: Assume the present value of the loan is the loan amount shown in cell E5.)
 Calculate the loan amount for the Add 3 Trucks scenario as follows:
 In cell F5, enter a formula using the PV function to calculate the loan amount.
 Use the inputs listed under the Add 3 Trucks loan scenario in cells F7, F9, and F11.
 Calculate the number of months Jessica needs to pay back a loan for an existing food truck business as follows:
 In cell G9, enter a formula using the NPER function to calculate how many months it would take to pay back a $500,000 loan.
 Use the inputs listed under the Take Over loan scenario in cells G7, G11, and G5.
 Switch to the Amortization Calculate the cumulative interest for a loan for one food truck as follows:
 In cell C17, enter a formula using the CUMIPMT function to calculate the cumulative interest paid on the loan after the first year (payment 1 in cell C15 through payment 12 in cell C16) when the payments are made at the end of the period. Use 0 as the type argument in your formula.
 Use absolute references for the rate, nper, and pv arguments.
 Use relative references for the start and end arguments.
 Copy the formula from cell C17 to the range D17:G17 to calculate the interest paid in Years 2–5.
 Calculate the cumulative principal for a loan for one food truck as follows:
 In cell C18, enter a formula using the CUMPRINC function to calculate the cumulative principal paid in the first year (payment 1 in cell C15 through payment 12 in cell C16) when the payments are made at the end of the period. Use 0 as the type argument in your formula.
 Use absolute references for the rate, nper, and pv arguments.
 Use relative references for the start and end arguments.
 Copy the formula from cell C18 to the range D18:G18 to calculate the principal paid in Years 2–5.
 In cell H18, use the Error Checking command to identify the error in the cell, and then correct the error. (Hint: The formula in the cell should calculate the total the values in C18:G18 using the SUM function.)
 Calculate the principal amounts in the loan amortization schedule as follows:
 In cell E23, enter a formula using the PPMT function to determine the amount of the first loan payment devoted to principal.
 Use absolute references only for the rate, nper, and pv arguments.
 Use cell A23 as the current period. (Hint: The period is based on a monthly payment schedule.)
 Copy the formula from cell E23 to the range E24:E82 to calculate the principal paid in Periods 2–60.
 Calculate the interest amounts in the loan amortization schedule as follows:
 In cell F23, enter a formula using the IPMT function to determine the amount of the first loan payment devoted to interest.
 Use absolute references only for the rate, nper, and pv arguments.
 Use cell A23 as the current period. (Hint: The period is based on a monthly payment schedule.)
 Copy the formula from cell F23 to range F24:F82 to calculate the principal paid in Periods 2–60.
 Switch to the Depreciation Calculate the annual straightline depreciation for one new food truck (the most likely scenario) as follows:
 In cell C11, enter a formula using the SLN function to calculate the straightline depreciation for the truck during its first year of service.
 Use the values in cells D5, D6, and D7 for the arguments.
 Use absolute references for the cost, salvage, and life arguments in the SLN formula.
 Copy the formula from cell C11 to the range D11:I11 to calculate the yearly straightline depreciation in Years 2–7.
 Calculate the annual declining balance depreciation for one new food truck as follows:
 In cell C18, enter a formula using the DB function to calculate the declining balance depreciation for the new food truck during its first year of service.
 Use the values in cells D5, D6, and D7 for the arguments.
 Use the value in cell C17 as the current period.
 Use absolute references only for the cost, salvage, and life arguments in the DB formula.
 Copy the formula from cell C18 to the range D18:I18 to calculate the yearly declining balance depreciation in Years 2–7.
 Correct the errors on the Depreciation worksheet as follows:
 Determine the error in cell D19 by using the Trace Precedent and Trace Dependent arrows. Correct the error so that the formula in cell D19 calculates the cumulative depreciation of the vehicle fleet by adding the Cumulative Depreciation value in Year 1 to the Yearly Depreciation value in Year 2.
 Copy the corrected formula in cell D19 to the range E19:I19, and then remove any arrows from the worksheet.
 Switch to the Income Statement For the Add 1 Truck scenario, project the income from Food sales for 20202022 (cells D5:F5) using a Growth Trend interpolation. (Hint: Select the range C5:G5 before filling this series with values.)
 Project the income from Catering for 20202022 (cells D7:F7) using a Linear Trend interpolation. (Hint: Select the range C7:G7 before filling this series with values.)
 Project expenses as follows:
 Project the expenses for Payroll for 20202023 (cells D13:G13) using a Growth trend extrapolation.
 Use a step value of 07. (Hint: When extrapolating values, the Trend check box in the Series Dialog Box should not be checked.)
 Do not set a stop value for the series. (Hint: Select the range C13:G13 before filling this series with values.)
 Switch to the Investment Calculate the present value of an investment in one new food truck as follows:
 In cell C15, enter a formula that uses the NPV function to calculate the Present Value of the Add 1 Truck investment.
 Use the value in cell C14 as the desired rate of return.
 Use the range C7:C12 as the returns paid to investors. (Hint: If a Formula Omits Adjacent Cell error warning appears, ignore it.)
 In cell C16, enter a formula without using a function that calculates the Net Present Value by adding the Present Value of the Add 1 Truck investment (calculated in cell C15) to the value of the initial investment (in cell C6).
 Calculate the internal rate of return as follows:
 In cell C17, enter a formula that uses the IRR function to calculate the internal rate of return of the Add 1 Truck
 Use the range C6:C12 as the returns paid to investors.
Your workbook should look like the Final Figures on the following pages. Save your changes, close the workbook, and then exit Excel. Follow the directions on the SAM website to submit your completed project.
Final Figure 1: Loan Scenarios Worksheet
Final Figure 2: Amortization Worksheet
Final Figure 3: Depreciation Worksheet
Final Figure 4: Income Statement Worksheet
Final Figure 5: Investment Worksheet
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