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Question 1

Morning Star Ltd was registered on 1 July 2018, as a company with a constitution limiting the shares that could be offered to 5 000 000 Ordinary shares (including all classes) and 2 000 000 preference shares. The company issued a prospectus dated 1 July 2018 inviting the public to apply for 3 000 000 Ordinary A class shares at $3.00 per share. The terms of the shares on issue are $1.50 on application, $1.00 on allotment and $0.50 to be called within six months of allotment before 31 December 2018.

If the issue is oversubscribed the directors will make a pro-rata issue of shares and the excess application money will be applied to allotment and calls before any refunds will be given.

On 15 July, the directors also decided to issue 1 000 000 non-voting Ordinary B shares as fully paid to the promoters for a payment of $1.50 per share.

On 30 July applications closed. Applications for 4 500 000 shares in total had been received with applicants for 3 000 000 shares paying the full price and 1 500 000 shares paying only the application fee.

On 1 August, the shares were allotted with all allotment money owed paid by the 30 August.

The company paid share issue costs of $50,000 for the issuing of Ordinary A shares on 1 September. The share issue costs related to legal expenses associated with the share issue and fees associated with the drafting and advertising of the prospectus and share issue.

The call on the Ordinary A shares was made on 15 Septmber and due by 30 September. All call money was received except for the call on 50 000 shares. The directors met and forfeited the shares on 15 October. On 30 October the forfeited shares were reissued at $2.50 fully paid to $3.00. Costs associated with reissuing the forfeited shares totalled $5,000. The remaining money was refunded to the defaulting shareholders on 15 November.

The directors decided on 1 November to make a one-day offer of a non-renouceable rights issue to existing Ordinary A shareholders to purchase additional shares at $1.5 each for every 10 shares of holding. Holders of 1 000 000 shars exercised their right.

On 1 January 2019, Morning Star Ltd issued via a private placement semi-annual coupon debentures (which pay interest every 6 months) with a nominal value of $300,000. The debenture term is five years and the coupon rate is 8% per year. The market requires a rate of return of 10% per year. The money came in and the debentures were allotted on the same date.

The company issued via a private placement 1 million redeemable preference shares of $1.50 each on 30 June 2019. The shares offer a rate of return of 7 per cent per annum. The shares are later redeemed to non-voting Ordinary Class B shares at the options of the shareholders on 30 June 2021.


(a) Prepare journal entries for the above transactions. Note: the entries should be in strict date order of the underlying event.

(b) Prepare the shareholder’s capital account of Morning Star Ltd as at 30 June 2019 and 30 June 2021.


Question 2

The profit before tax, as reported in the statement of profit and loss for Aileen Ltd for the year ended 30 June 2019, amounted to $100,000, including the following revenue and expense items


Sales revenue $650,000
Interest revenue 50,000
Government grant 50,000
Proceeds on sale on equipment 15,000
Cost of goods sold 400,000
Bad debts expense 10,000
Carrying amount of equipment sold 5,000
Depreciation expense – equipment 4,500
Depreciation expense – plant 20,000
Research and development expense 80,000
Wages expense 120,000
Long service leave expense 20,000


The draft statement of financial position of Aileen Ltd at 30 June 2019 and the statement from last year showed the following assets and liabilities:


2018 2019
Cash $30,000 $30,000
Inventory 100,000 150,000
Accounts receivable 50,000 70,000
Allowance for doubtful debts (5,000) (10,000)
Interest receivable 25,000 20,000
Equipment-cost 30,000 30,000
Accumulated depreciation-equipment (9,000) (13,500)
Plant-cost 200,000 200,000
Accumulated depreciation-plant (37,000) (55,500)
Goodwill 15,000 15,000
Deferred tax asset 33,000
Accounts payable 60,000 40,000
Wages payable 50,000 80,000
Revenue received in advance 20,000
Loan payable 200,000 100,000
Provision for long-service leave 40,000 30,000
Deferred tax liability 24,000


Additional information:

  • In the year ended 30 June 2018, Aileen Ltd had a tax loss of $65,000 that it carried over in the deferred tax asset. In June 2019, the company received an amended assessment for the year ended 30 June 2019 from the ATO, indicating that an amount of $5,000 claimed as a deduction has been disallowed. Aileen Ltd has not yet adjusted its accounts to reflect the amendment. The remaining losses can be used to offset taxable incomes in future
  • Amounts received from sales, including those on credit terms, are taxed at the time the sale is made. All other general taxation rules apply.
  • The depreciation regimes for the financial reports and the company income tax return respectively, are listed below.
Depreciation Regimes Equipment Plant
Depreciation rate:
Accounting 15% 10 yrs
Tax 30% 8 yrs
Accounting Straight-line Straight-line
Tax Reducing Balance Straight-line
Residual: Zero $15,000


  • All research and development expenses were paid in cash during the year ended 30 June
  • The company tax rate is assumed to be 30% for the year ended 30 June 2018 and 28% for the year ended 30 June 2019. The balances of the deferred tax accounts at 30 June 2018 are still reflecting the 30% tax rate.
  • All movements of deferred tax accounts during the year are not yet recongised.


  1. Determine the taxable profit for the year ended 30 June 2019., Start from the accounting profit before tax and show the adjustments for differences between taxation and accounting rules.
  2. Complete the worksheet on the additional page provided to determine the movements in the deferred tax accounts for the year ended 30 June 2019.
  3. Prepare the journal entries to recognise the current tax liability and the final deferred tax adjustments for the year ended 30 June 2019. Exclude the movements during the year due to carry-forward tax loss and change in tax rate. Note Adeline Ltd does not set off the deferred tax accounts against each other.


Future Taxable
Future Deductible
Tax Base Taxable
Accounts receivable
Interest receivable
Accounts payable
Wages payable
Revenue received in advance
Loan payable
Provision for long service leave
Temporary differences
Excluded differences
Net temporary differences
Deferred tax liability
Deferred tax asset
Beginning balances
Movement during year


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