On 1 Oct 2018, Andrew Brown opened Nundle Services, a small business offering maintenance services in New South Wales. During the month of October, the business incurred the following transactions:
2 Oct, Andrew invested $50,000 cash in the business, which is organised as a sole trader.
3 Oct, got a 5 year loan for $30,000 from the ANZ bank, interest is 5% pa.
4 Oct, purchased and paid for equipment worth $51,000. Monthly depreciation will be $850.
5 Oct, purchased supplies for $6,500 on credit.
8 Oct, paid Oct office rent of $7,200.
10 Oct, Brown withdrew $2,000 for personal purposes.
17 Oct, paid an invoice of $4,500 for advertising
25 Oct, paid one year of insurance for $5,600
Additional information at 31 Oct:
Supplies on hand was $3,100
Services revenue of $22,500 must be accrued
Monthly payroll is $11,500 and paid once a month on Friday after the month ended. 31 Oct 2018 was on Wednesday.
Some customers advanced $10,500 for maintenance services to be provided next month but this amount hasn’t been recorded.
- Provide journal entries for all transactions that occurred during October 2018.
- Open T-accounts and post all journal entries to the T-accounts. Total all of the T-accounts to determine their balances at the end of the month.
- Based on balances from the T-accounts, prepare the trial balance by using an Excel spreadsheet. Present your answers in a normal view, showing columns and rows.
- What are temporary and permanent accounts? From your trial balance, choose four permanent and four temporary accounts.
- From your trial balance, choose two accounts with normal debit balances and two accounts with normal credit balances.
- What are adjusting entries? Why do we have to do adjusting entries? Provide all adjusting entries for Nundle Services in October.
- Using your trial balance in the preceding question and Excel spreadsheet, prepare the ten column worksheet for the month ended 31 October. In the spreadsheet, you are required to have a data section separated from a report section. Use an IF function for Profit or Loss. Present your answers in both normal and formula views, showing columns and rows.
- Using the spreadsheet, prepare three financial reports. Present your answers in both normal and formula views.
- Calculate and evaluate the firm’s current and debt ratios.
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