1. On 1 July 2015 Kruger Ltd privately issues $1 million in six-year debentures, which pay interest each six months at a coupon rate of 6 per cent per annum. At the time of issuing the securities, the market requires a rate of return of 4 per cent. Consistent with the requirements of AASB9, the debentures are accounted for using the effective interest method.


(a)  Determine the fair value of the debentures at the time of issue (which will also be their issue price).

(b) Provide the journal entries at:

(i)         1 July 2015

(ii)        31 December 2015

(iii)       30 June 2016.


  1. Sun City Limited commences construction of a multi-purpose water park on 1 July 2014 for Pretoria Limited. Sun City Limited signs a fixed-price contract for total revenues of $50 million. The project is expected to be completed by the end of 2017 and Pretoria Limited controls the asset throughout the period of construction. The expected cost as at the commencement of construction is $38 million. The estimated costs of a construction project might change throughout the project—in this example, they do change. The following data relates to the project (the financial years end on 30 June):
  2015 ($m) 2016 ($m) 2017($m)
Costs for the year 10 18 12
Costs incurred to date 10 28 40
Estimated costs to complete 28 12
Progress billings during the year 12 20 18
Cash collected during the year 11 19 20


      (a)                    Using the above data, compute the gross profit to be recognized for each of the three years, assuming that the outcome of the contract can be reliably estimated.  

      (b)       Prepare the journal entries for the 2015 financial year using the percentage-of-completion method. 

  (c)            Prepare the journal entries for the 2015 financial year, assuming the stage of completion cannot be reliably assessed. 


  1. Anderson Pty Ltd is an Australian diversified industrial company with its major business activity being to manufacture flotation devices for babies and toddlers. Over the past decade, the business has been very profitable and the directors, Simon Anderson and Lisa Anderson, have kept payment of dividends to a minimum to allow the company to diversify into other activities. The following is a list of property, plant and equipment held by the company:
Investments in companies Carrying Value ($) Current fair value ($)
 Property, plant and equipment    
 Factory (NSW)    
 Land 100 000 150 000
 – Cost 70 000 80 000
 – Accumulated depreciation (20 000)
Factory (Qld)    
 Land 150 000 120 000
 – Cost 125 000 70 000
 – Accumulated depreciation (45 000)

Mr Anderson informs you that the directors intend to revalue the property, plant and equipment during the year. The company has not revalued any assets in the past.



(a)  How would you account for the revaluation of the above assets?

(b) What would the relevant journal entries be?


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